General Health Related Information



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If health problems arise in your pup, proof that this shot schedule & health recommendations

Make Sure to Purchase Veterinary Pet Insurance

Upon making your first appointment tell your Vet you want to purchase their preferred policy.  

You should be able to get coverage for your first appointment. 

Prior to 2003 a Breeder Policy was available whereby I could purchase the first month for you.

The first 2 months of a policy will pay for itself. 

  • From minor problems to life-threatening situations, whether it is a recurring ear infection, being injured in an accident or contracting a serious illness, there will come a time when your pet needs medical attention.
  • If in effect at the time your pup arrives the policy would cover any shipping related stress as well as all subsequent immunizations not to mention accidents or ever cancer!
  • Be sure your policy provides medical care for your pet without having to worry about the cost. Policies should cover medical problems and conditions for accidents and illnesses, with optional coverage available for preventive and routine care. 
  • Make sure it allows owners to visit any licensed veterinarian, veterinary specialist or animal hospital. 
  • Veterinary Pet Insurance helps pay for office calls, prescriptions, treatments, lab fees, x-rays, surgery and hospitalization for covered medical problems.
  • Policies cover dogs and cats from six weeks of age and older. There is no upper age limit. 


Pups are wormed at 1-2 weeks with Pyrental. 
4-6 weeks Panacur 3 days. 
Continuing Panacur at 8-12-monthly.   
Heart & other blood worm monthly treatment begins at 8 weeks/two months of age with Ivermectin. 


We feed a high quality 28/16 Feed.  Pups should be fed no less that 27.  Follow the amount and times as instructed. 
I always feed moistened first thing in the morning.  In this manner I can study eagerness and health. 
With the mother and under 8 weeks I allow free access to dry feed and water at all times.  Pups never gorge and are satisfied. 

Content and Nutrition

This is THE most important factor.  The minimum rule of thumb is to insure the contents list meat higher than grains.  Although most feeds list corn high on the list it is only a filler without any nutritional value in Canines. 
Most Vets recommend a change in feed which in itself is detrimental.  In considering digestive, allergies and weight issues the most common recommendation is a Lamb & Rice based feed.  I suggest you begin with this combination.  Contents are required to be listed in order of percentage or dominance. 

Nutrition [vitamins and minerals] is essential.  Nutrition is listed trailing the main contents.  Studies indicate that calories and source; and at what stages in life [3 to 10 months] impact skin condition, allergies, brain and tissue development.  Nutrition effects all physical conditions which ranging from hip dysplasia to obesity. 

Shipping Stress



How many of you knew what this entails?   The King men tend to have nervous stomachs.  Odd stressful, even pleasant & exciting situations, that don’t faze others, can trigger nausea, pain and pardon me, diarrhea. 

I know this is a rather gross subject, but it is one that needs to be discussed. 

Pups are susceptible to this type of stress on their systems also.  They react in the same manner.  It is very easily treated.  The new change in environment, shipping or traveling in a vehicle, water changes, even weather extremes are stressful. 

It must be taken care of immediately.  What would not in the least affect a grown dog can literally kill a pup!  It is a shame that this can happen.  Once is too often that it does.  The deaths are from secondary causes that follow.

The main reason for these deaths is that it is simply misdiagnosed and the new owner waits a few times to see if it will continue.  By now the pup is lethargic.

Vets are all too often not consulted till the problem is extreme and they tend to look for extremes such as disease or infestations. 

It is very often judged to be one of the terrible Viruses that now abound.  It is very important to be aware that a dog will test positive for Parvo or Corona when recently administered an immunization.  If you are in an emergency Vet’s office, make your Vet is aware of the type and date of the last shots given. 

Pups, like infants with a stomach ‘bug’, or even teething, face the same problems.  If diarrhea and/or vomiting continue without being checked they will dehydrate.  The stomach lining and their intestines are the fastest growing and therefore thinnest tissue in the infants/pups body.  Continued diarrhea will quickly, cause a tear and literally flush out the membrane lining the digestive system.  This of course results in bleeding and all too often, death. 

Any case of diarrhea should be attended immediately.   A light tranquilizer will not harm the pup.  Imodium Caplets are the best thing to use in this situation.  Any bad tasting liquid will cause the pup to gag and therefore vomit.  Just as in people give an initial dose (1/2 caplet for a 8-12 week old pup) and again AFTER each subsequent loose stool until firm.   Often no more than 2 doses are needed. 

If this precaution is followed you will never know what disaster you have avoided.  The stool should always be firm but not hard and should be brown in color.  Yellow is a first signal.  A good stool is an accident that can be picked up with a tissue or paper towel.  If the stool is too thin don’t automatically assume the worst and wait in dread.  Just use the medication and nip any problem in the bud. 

Don’t be afraid of the possibilities either, just be prepared by know what to look for and


KING Llewellin Kennel 

Coccidia & Giardia


Because of Coccidia, Giardia and other internal bacteria and parasites (that cause diarrhea and dehydration which lowers a pups resistance to disease), I give a treatment of the following: Baycox at 3 days and 3 weeks PANACUR 3-5 day treatment at 4 and 6 weeks 
Both Coccidia & Giardia reoccur regardless of environment. 
At times of stress/change the digestive system is always at risk causing  dormant viral and bacterial organisms to re-manifest. 

Please understand that puppies can often be very stressed from their transport and their change in living conditions, which can compromise their immune system and between the stress and the compromised immune system, it is very common for them to get Coccidia. This is an internal parasite that can only be treated, never cured (ALL dogs in the world have this, but it lies dormant until stress triggers the parasite to multiply.  It is easily treated).

Another factor for puppies coming from the south to the north is climate change, again the stress from their transport and their change in living conditions, which can compromise their immune system, can lead to an Upper Respiratory Infection- again easily treated, but needs to be treated as soon as you notice a cough, sneeze, gunky eyes or a runny nose.   

Coccidia - Isospora species is specific to puppies and kittens. These coccidia tend to be pretty species specific, so infection of a puppy or kitten is not thought to be a risk to humans and puppies are not a risk to cats or infected kittens a risk to dogs. It is very likely that if one puppy in a litter has Coccidiosis that all puppies are affected. It is extremely difficult to prevent coccidia infections, especially in group situations, so puppies coming from a breeder with coccidia are not an indication of poor sanitation or poor health care practices. It is simply a very common problem. 

Coccidia can be present but dormant in all dogs.  Older dogs with more developed digestive systems do not show any physical signs unless otherwise physically ill.  The puppy’s digestive system is among the fastest growing organ in the body thus a thinner more susceptible avenue for further complications.  Think of it in this analogy: In puppies just as in an infant child any form of diarrhea must be stopped immediately as the stress to the intestines can trigger another infectious problem. 

Coccidia are a group of protozoan parasites that are extremely common and which infect a wide number of animal species, including dogs, cats, horses, cattle, goats, sheep and all poultry --- and almost all species of wild animals as well, including rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, ground hogs and all wild birds.  All the things puppies love to investigate, so the possibility of contact with Coccidia is always present.  A puppy can becomes infected with Coccidiosis but never has clinical signs of disease such as diarrhea, loss of appetite, vomiting or failure to thrive. These pets may never show any clinical signs and without signs it is questionable whether they should be treated or not, although almost all veterinary practitioners go ahead and treat for the infection.  We do here as the puppies are housed in adjacent off the ground runs.  This suspended flooring keeps them from walking about in their feces. 

The first thing that has to be considered is that Coccidiosis is very common. It is likely that 30 to 50% of puppies have coccidia in their stools at some time during their first few months of life.  It is something that cannot be 'killed', the life-cycle of those present is ended; thus ending the current episode and the current treatment. 

Giardia - The original source of an outbreak may be cysts in contaminated water [natural water sources such as streams and ponds] or the environment, warm and moist conditions [Giardia was first found in humans in the mid 90's before being diagnosed in animals].  Infected dogs may be either carriers (ie: show no clinical signs but continue to harbor infection and pass cysts into the environment) or dogs that have diarrhea associated with infection may act as the source. Surveys have shown that about 14% of the adult dog population and over 30% of dogs under the age of one year were infected. Once passed, the cysts can survive in cold water for several months. 

After a short period of time outside the host’s intestine, the trophozoites round up and form cysts that enable them to survive environmental conditions without a host to protect them. The cyst can be dried out to decontaminate the environment, but if it is cold and wet the cyst can live for many months with two incompletely formed trophozoites inside, ready to infect a new host.  Contaminated water is the classical source of a Giardia infection. 

After having been swallowed, the cyst shell is digested away, freeing the two trophozoites which attach to the intestinal lining. If the host has diarrhea, trophs are shed in the diarrhea, but Giardia may also form cysts within the host in preparation to be shed.  Either form can be found in fresh stool. 

After infection, it takes 5 to 12 days in dogs for Giardia to be found in the host’s stool. Diarrhea can precede the shedding of the Giardia.  The symptoms are almost identical to Coccidia.  The cysts begin to interfere with the absorption of food, so feces from affected animals are typically light colored, greasy and soft. There may be additional signs of large intestinal irritation, such as straining and mucus in the feces, even though the Giardia do not colonize the large intestine. Usually the blood picture of affected animals is normal, though occasionally there is a slight increase in the number of eosinophils (one of several types of white blood cells) and mild anemia. Without treatment, the condition may continue, either chronically or intermittently, for weeks or months.  KING Llewellin Kennel 

Umbilical Hernias

Conventional wisdom says that umbilical hernias are inheritable, and a dog with a hernia should not be bred. Conventional wisdom, however, does not differentiate between "true hernias" where there is a defect in the body wall, and "delayed closures", where a small bit of omentum slips out of the area before the umbilicus closes.  In 26 years of dealing with breeders and reproduction, I do not have any evidence that "delayed closures" are inheritable.

"True hernias" are indeed highly inheritable. They generally have a thick cartilage edge with an irregular, more or less circular shape. They may extend up into the diaphragm, causing a communication between the thoracic (chest) cavity and the abdominal cavity. These are very difficult to repair surgically because there is a great deal of tissue missing and the tissue is hard and inflexible. They often require the use of a mesh implant to close the defect. These hernias can be related to other midline defects such as heart abnormalities and cleft palates.

"Delayed closures" are just that. There is an area in the abdominal wall where the great vessels of the umbilical cord exit the body of the fetus to derive nutrition and oxygen from the placenta. After birth, these vessels close and shrink up. There is left behind a small area in the midline where the vessels formerly escaped the body. The nature of this structure is a linear slit in the midline, lined with normal connective tissue. There are other structures on the 'midline' that undergo similar development after birth. In the heart, there is a hole between the upper chambers that allows the fetus to bypass the lungs, which, of course, cannot contribute any oxygen to the blood before birth. Oxygen is obtained through the umbilical cord from the placenta, where the mother's blood stream exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide with the baby's circulation. When there are delayed closures in the heart, it may be possible to hear a murmur at 4 or 5 weeks that is no longer audible by 6 or 8 weeks. This is normal development. These holes, like the umbilicus, must be present in the fetus and close over a period of time after birth.

Omentum is a kind of slippery thin sheet of tissue which is present in the abdomen. It provides several services to the abdominal organs. It has blood vessels travelling through it to the intestine. Its surfaces produce serous fluid which lubricates the abdominal organs and makes it possible for them to slide against each other without rubbing. It carries lymph nodes for the abdomen, and is a major depot for fat storage. It partially contains the abdominal organs - especially the small intestine - and supports them in a kind of "plastic bag". As the puppy puts on weight, it is possible for a bit of this thin slippery tissue to protrude through the umbilical slit. As the normal process of closing of the umbilicus proceeds, it is possible for this bit of tissue to be entrapped. The danger here is whether it is solely omentum that is escaping, or if the defect is large enough for a loop of small intestine to escape the abdomen as well.

It is essential with either condition to "reduce" the tissue escaping at least once daily. Turn the puppy on its back and gently massage the protrusion and slide the contents back up into the abdomen. This lowers the risk of a loop of intestine becoming strangulated in the protruding tissue. If the 'hernia' is a closure defect, the normal process of closing will continue, and at some point a small amount of omentum may be entrapped in a bubble outside the essentially closed body wall. This is viewed by most people as a hernia, and a serious problem. If the dog is a year old, has a small bubble, or 'belly button', and it cannot be reduced, has been there since it was a baby, and the dog is healthy and well, it is pretty obvious that the bubble does not contain any intestine. While the puppy is younger, it may not be clear. The very tiny holes with a small bubble of omentum do not require surgery. Slightly larger holes should be closed to be sure that no intestine becomes strangulated in the process of closure. NOTE: no delayed closure can ever close completely simply because there is something sticking through it. If there were no omentum sliding out, they would continue to close normally. What they do, is they close tightly around the omentum, trapping it outside in an absolutely firm unchanging bubble.

"True" umbilical hernias can make no progress in closing, ever. They must always be surgically repaired. These individuals should never be bred. These are quite serious.

I have never seen a bitch with a delayed closure and trapped omentum bubble show any sign of problem in carrying a litter or whelping. I have never seen one of these bitches produce puppies with hernias.

The catch is, you must know which you have. Most veterinarians don't draw these kinds of conclusions or try to differentiate the two different conditions. Your vet may or may not be of help to you in this. Breeders with years of experience often know the difference intuitively. Indeed, since "true" hernias are relatively rare, most have never seen one, unless they are breeding a line that produces them. In these cases, they see true hernias with great enough frequency that any breeder with any common sense will abandon that line.

Hip Dysplasia

Nutrition and Exercise: 

If you dog happens to be one of the few Llewellins that tend to gorge themselves; restrict their feeding to the recommended amount listed on the packaging. 

Too much or too little protein-fat-carbohydrates, calcium and other familiar minerals is the major role in development as early as 3 to 10 months.  Absolutely proper exercise contends with the top role. 

Not only do genetics impose a role so do proper feed and exercise.  Extensive studies are also showing a dog can be a carrier of HD while testing as sound and never showing symptoms or developing the disease.  It can be passed on to offspring of later generations. 

THAT is a harrowing statement.  It sounds like all dogs have the potential but few develop it.  This is partially true.  Most dogs with proper nutrition and exercise never develop it.  Never the less, until the time when genetic studies can prove that factor little can be done other that contentious breeding. 

While the parents and grandparents have excellent hip tests HD can still manifest from time to time.  Although tests are thought to prove otherwise; this is not the absolute rule. 

Over the years we have come to the conclusion that proper free run exercise versus the definite lack of footing traction inside the home effect the manner of standing, walking and running to be a very important factor.  The legs and hips never develop the strength and bone/joint strength needed.  This lack may never be noted until they begin to show weakness under the impact of extended field exercise. 

Before studies showed the random occurrences factor we concluded that aspect.  Therefore it is very probable that it is the COMBINATION of the two parents’ genetics that produces one or more pups in a given litter. 

Be assured that we will continue to stay abreast of information and insure that any such second breeding will never be repeated. 

Worming:  Pups are wormed at 2 weeks with Pyrental.  4-6 weeks Panacur 3 days.  Continuing Panacur at 8-12-monthly.    Heart & other blood worm monthly treatment begins at 8 weeks/two months of age with Ivermectin. 

Preventative Medicine:  Because of Coccidia, Giardia and other internal bacteria and parasites (that cause diarrhea and dehydration which lowers a pups resistance to disease), I give a treatment of the following medications and schedule:

Coccidiosis:  Baycox at 3 days and 3 weeks 

Giardia:  PANACUR 3-5 day treatment at 4 and 6 weeks 

Both Coccidia & Giardia reoccur regardless of environment.  At times of stress/change the digestive system is always at risk causing  dormant viral and bacterial organisms to re-manifest.